A callback function is a function passed as an argument to another function, which is then invoked inside the outer function. Callback functions are often executed once an event has occurred or a task has completed.
A synchronous callback is a callback function that is executed immediately. The function passed as the first argument to
Array.prototype.map() is a great example of a synchronous callback:
const nums = [1, 2, 3]; const printDoublePlusOne = n => console.log(2 * n + 1); nums.map(printDoublePlusOne); // LOGS: 3, 5, 7
An asynchronous callback is a callback function that is used to execute code after an asynchronous operation has completed. The function executed inside
Promise.prototype.then() is a great example of an asynchronous callback:
const nums = fetch('https://api.nums.org'); // Suppose the response is [1, 2, 3] const printDoublePlusOne = n => console.log(2 * n + 1); nums.then(printDoublePlusOne); // LOGS: 3, 5, 7
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Performs left-to-right function composition for asynchronous functions.