Tip: CSS easing variables

Angelos Chalaris · Dec 30, 2020 ·

CSS, Animation

Most web developers use the built-in ease, ease-in, ease-out or ease-in-out functions for most use-cases of transition-timing-function in their designs. While these are perfectly fine for everyday use, there's a far more powerful, yet intimidating option available, the bezier-curve() function.

Using the bezier-curve() we can easily define custom easing variables that can help our designs pop out. In fact the built-in functions mentioned above can also be written using the bezier-curve() function. Here's a handful of useful easing functions stored in CSS variables for ease of use:

:root {
  /* ease-in corresponds to cubic-bezier(0.42, 0, 1.0, 1.0) */
  --ease-in-quad: cubic-bezier(0.55, 0.085, 0.68, 0.53);
  --ease-in-cubic: cubic-bezier(0.55, 0.055, 0.675, 0.19);
  --ease-in-quart: cubic-bezier(0.895, 0.03, 0.685, 0.22);
  --ease-in-quint: cubic-bezier(0.755, 0.05, 0.855, 0.06);
  --ease-in-expo: cubic-bezier(0.95, 0.05, 0.795, 0.035);
  --ease-in-circ: cubic-bezier(0.6, 0.04, 0.98, 0.335);

  /* ease-out corresponds to cubic-bezier(0, 0, 0.58, 1.0) */
  --ease-out-quad: cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.46, 0.45, 0.94);
  --ease-out-cubic: cubic-bezier(0.215, 0.61, 0.355, 1);
  --ease-out-quart: cubic-bezier(0.165, 0.84, 0.44, 1);
  --ease-out-quint: cubic-bezier(0.23, 1, 0.32, 1);
  --ease-out-expo: cubic-bezier(0.19, 1, 0.22, 1);
  --ease-out-circ: cubic-bezier(0.075, 0.82, 0.165, 1);

  /* ease-in-out corresponds to cubic-bezier(0.42, 0, 0.58, 1.0) */
  --ease-in-out-quad: cubic-bezier(0.455, 0.03, 0.515, 0.955);
  --ease-in-out-cubic: cubic-bezier(0.645, 0.045, 0.355, 1);
  --ease-in-out-quart: cubic-bezier(0.77, 0, 0.175, 1);
  --ease-in-out-quint: cubic-bezier(0.86, 0, 0.07, 1);
  --ease-in-out-expo: cubic-bezier(1, 0, 0, 1);
  --ease-in-out-circ: cubic-bezier(0.785, 0.135, 0.15, 0.86);
}

Image credit: Aaron Burson on Unsplash

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