Masonry Layout

OSCC · CSS, Layout · Oct 13, 2021

Creates a masonry-style layout that is especially useful when working with images.

  • Create a masonry-style layout that consists of "bricks" that fall into each other with either a fixed width (vertical layout) or a fixed height (horizontal layout), forming a perfect fit. Especially useful when working with images.
  • Define .masonry-container This is the container for the masonry layout and .masonry-columns, an inner container in which .masonry-brick elements will be placed.
  • Apply display: block to .masonry-brick elements to allow the layout to flow properly.
  • Use the :first-child pseudo-element selector to apply a different margin for the first element to account for its positioning.
  • Use CSS variables and media queries for greater flexibility and responsiveness.
Preview
An image Another image Another image One more image And another one Last one
<div class="masonry-container">
  <div class="masonry-columns">
    <img
      class="masonry-brick"
      src="https://picsum.photos/id/1016/384/256"
      alt="An image"
    />
    <img
      class="masonry-brick"
      src="https://picsum.photos/id/1025/495/330"
      alt="Another image"
    />
    <img
      class="masonry-brick"
      src="https://picsum.photos/id/1024/192/128"
      alt="Another image"
    />
    <img
      class="masonry-brick"
      src="https://picsum.photos/id/1028/518/345"
      alt="One more image"
    />
    <img
      class="masonry-brick"
      src="https://picsum.photos/id/1035/585/390"
      alt="And another one"
    />
    <img
      class="masonry-brick"
      src="https://picsum.photos/id/1074/384/216"
      alt="Last one"
    />
  </div>
</div>
/* Container */
.masonry-container {
  --column-count-small: 1;
  --column-count-medium: 2;
  --column-count-large: 3;
  --column-gap: 0.125rem;
  padding: var(--column-gap);
}

/* Columns */
.masonry-columns {
  column-gap: var(--column-gap);
  column-count: var(--column-count-small);
  column-width: calc(1 / var(--column-count-small) * 100%);
}

@media only screen and (min-width: 640px) {
  .masonry-columns {
    column-count: var(--column-count-medium);
    column-width: calc(1 / var(--column-count-medium) * 100%);
  }
}

@media only screen and (min-width: 800px) {
  .masonry-columns {
    column-count: var(--column-count-large);
    column-width: calc(1 / var(--column-count-large) * 100%);
  }
}

/* Bricks */
.masonry-brick {
  width: 100%;
  height: auto;
  margin: var(--column-gap) 0;
  display: block;
}

.masonry-brick:first-child {
  margin: 0 0 var(--column-gap);
}

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