Mouse cursor gradient tracking

CSS, Visual, Interactivity

A hover effect where the gradient follows the mouse cursor.

  • Declare two CSS variables, --x and --y, used to track the position of the mouse on the button.
  • Declare a CSS variable, --size, used to modify the gradient's dimensions.
  • Use background: radial-gradient(circle closest-side, pink, transparent); to create the gradient at the correct position.
  • Use Document.querySelector() and EventTarget.addEventListener() to register a handler for the 'mousemove' event.
  • Use Element.getBoundingClientRect() and CSSStyleDeclaration.setProperty() to update the values of the --x and --y CSS variables.
<button class="mouse-cursor-gradient-tracking">
  <span>Hover me</span>
.mouse-cursor-gradient-tracking {
  position: relative;
  background: #7983ff;
  padding: 0.5rem 1rem;
  font-size: 1.2rem;
  border: none;
  color: white;
  cursor: pointer;
  outline: none;
  overflow: hidden;

.mouse-cursor-gradient-tracking span {
  position: relative;

.mouse-cursor-gradient-tracking:before {
  --size: 0;
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  left: var(--x);
  top: var(--y);
  width: var(--size);
  height: var(--size);
  background: radial-gradient(circle closest-side, pink, transparent);
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  transition: width 0.2s ease, height 0.2s ease;

.mouse-cursor-gradient-tracking:hover:before {
  --size: 200px;
let btn = document.querySelector('.mouse-cursor-gradient-tracking');
btn.addEventListener('mousemove', e => {
  let rect =;
  let x = e.clientX - rect.left;
  let y = e.clientY -;'--x', x + 'px');'--y', y + 'px');
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