Image gallery with vertical scroll

OSCC · CSS, Visual, Interactivity · May 5, 2022

Creates a horizontally scrollable image gallery.

  • Use display: flex and justify-content: center to setup the layout for the container.
  • Use display: flex and flex-direction: column to setup the layout for the slides.
  • Use scroll-snap-type: y mandatory and overscroll-behavior-y: contain to create a snap effect on vertical scroll. Snap elements to the start of the container using scroll-snap-align: start.
  • Hide scrollbars using scrollbar-width: none and styling the pseudo-element ::-webkit-scrollbar to display: none.
  • Use Element.scrollTo() to define a scrollToElement function, that scrolls the gallery to the given item.
  • Use Array.prototype.map() and Array.prototype.join() to populate the .thumbnails element. Give each thumbnail a data-id attribute with the index of the image.
  • Use Document.querySelectorAll() to get all the thumbnail elements. Use Array.prototype.forEach() to register a handler for the 'click' event on each thumbnail, using EventTarget.addEventListener() and the scrollToElement function.
  • Use Document.querySelector() and EventTarget.addEventListener() to register a handler for the 'scroll' event. Update the .thumbnails and .scrollbar elements to match the current scroll position, using the scrollThumb function.
Preview
<div class="gallery-container">
  <div class="thumbnails"></div>
  <div class="scrollbar">
    <div class="thumb"></div>
  </div>
  <div class="slides">
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/1067/540/720"></div>
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/122/540/720"></div>
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/188/540/720"></div>
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/249/540/720"></div>
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/257/540/720"></div>
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/259/540/720"></div>
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/283/540/720"></div>
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/288/540/720"></div>
    <div><img src="https://picsum.photos/id/299/540/720"></div>
  </div>
</div>
.gallery-container {
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
}

.thumbnails {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  gap: 8px;
}

.thumbnails img {
  width: 40px;
  height: 40px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.scrollbar {
  width: 1px;
  height: 720px;
  background: #ccc;
  display: block;
  margin: 0 0 0 8px;
}

.thumb {
  width: 1px;
  position: absolute;
  height: 0;
  background: #000;
}

.slides {
  margin: 0 16px;
  display: grid;
  grid-auto-flow: row;
  gap: 1rem;
  width: calc(540px + 1rem);
  padding: 0 0.25rem;
  height: 720px;
  overflow-y: auto;
  overscroll-behavior-y: contain;
  scroll-snap-type: y mandatory;
  scrollbar-width: none;
}

.slides > div {
  scroll-snap-align: start;
}

.slides img {
  width: 540px;
  object-fit: contain;
}

.slides::-webkit-scrollbar {
  display: none;
}
const slideGallery = document.querySelector('.slides');
const slides = slideGallery.querySelectorAll('div');
const scrollbarThumb = document.querySelector('.thumb');
const slideCount = slides.length;
const slideHeight = 720;
const marginTop = 16;

const scrollThumb = () => {
  const index = Math.floor(slideGallery.scrollTop / slideHeight);
  scrollbarThumb.style.height = `${((index + 1) / slideCount) * slideHeight}px`;
};

const scrollToElement = el => {
  const index = parseInt(el.dataset.id, 10);
  slideGallery.scrollTo(0, index * slideHeight + marginTop);
};

document.querySelector('.thumbnails').innerHTML += [...slides]
  .map(
    (slide, i) => `<img src="${slide.querySelector('img').src}" data-id="${i}">`
  )
  .join('');

document.querySelectorAll('.thumbnails img').forEach(el => {
  el.addEventListener('click', () => scrollToElement(el));
});

slideGallery.addEventListener('scroll', e => scrollThumb());

scrollThumb();

Would you like to help us improve 30 seconds of code?Take a quick survey

Recommended snippets