formatSeconds

JavaScript, Date, Math, String

Returns the ISO format of the given number of seconds.

  • Divide s with the appropriate values to obtain the appropriate values for hour, minute and second.
  • Store the sign in a variable to prepend it to the result.
  • Use Array.prototype.map() in combination with Array.prototype.floor() and String.prototype.padStart() to stringify and format each segment.
  • Use String.prototype.join(':') to combine the values into a string.
const formatSeconds = s => {
  const [hour, minute, second, sign] =
    s > 0
      ? [s / 3600, (s / 60) % 60, s % 60, '']
      : [-s / 3600, (-s / 60) % 60, -s % 60, '-'];

  return (
    sign +
    [hour, minute, second]
      .map(v => `${Math.floor(v)}`.padStart(2, '0'))
      .join(':')
  );
};
formatSeconds(200); // '00:03:20'
formatSeconds(-200); // '-00:03:20'
formatSeconds(99999); // '27:46:39'

Recommended snippets

  • formatDuration

    JavaScript, Date

    Returns the human-readable format of the given number of milliseconds.

  • isISOString

    JavaScript, Date

    Checks if the given string is valid in the simplified extended ISO format (ISO 8601).

  • toISOStringWithTimezone

    JavaScript, Date

    Converts a date to extended ISO format (ISO 8601), including timezone offset.