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Convert between a query string and an object in JavaScript

As most web developers know, URLs are used for much more than simple navigation between pages, often departing a lot of information in the form of query strings. Converting between a query string and its object representation is crucial for many web applications. Let's see how we can do that.

Query string to object

A query string is, in essence, a list of key-value pairs. They are separated from the URL with the ? character and from each other with the & character. Given a URL object, we can use or URL.prototype.searchParams. However, we might not always be able to use the URL object, so it's a safe bet to create a function that can work with plain strings.

Knowing the delimiter, we can use String.prototype.split() to get the appropriate part of the string. Then, using the URLSearchParams() constructor, we can create an object that we can convert to an array of key-value pairs using the spread operator (...). Finally, we can use Object.fromEntries() to convert the array of key-value pairs into an object.

const queryStringToObject = url =>
  Object.fromEntries([ URLSearchParams(url.split('?')[1])]);

// {page: '1', count: '10'}

Object to query string

The opposite operation is just as useful. Given an object, we can create a query string that can be appended to a URL. We can use Object.entries() to get an array of key-value pairs. Then, we can use Array.prototype.reduce() to create the query string from the key-value pairs. Each key-value pair is converted to a string and concatenated to the queryString. The delimiters used are ? and &, depending on the index of the key-value pair.

const objectToQueryString = queryParameters => {
  return queryParameters
    ? Object.entries(queryParameters).reduce(
        (queryString, [key, val], index) => {
          const symbol = queryString.length === 0 ? '?' : '&';
          queryString +=
            typeof val === 'string' ? `${symbol}${key}=${val}` : '';
          return queryString;
    : '';

objectToQueryString({ page: '1', size: '2kg', key: undefined });
// '?page=1&size=2kg'

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