quickSort

JavaScript, Algorithm, Array, Recursion

Sorts an array of numbers, using the quicksort algorithm.

  • Use recursion.
  • Use the spread operator (...) to clone the original array, arr.
  • If the length of the array is less than 2, return the cloned array.
  • Use Math.floor() to calculate the index of the pivot element.
  • Use Array.prototype.reduce() and Array.prototype.push() to split the array into two subarrays (elements smaller or equal to the pivot and elements greater than it), destructuring the result into two arrays.
  • Recursively call quickSort() on the created subarrays.
const quickSort = arr => {
  const a = [...arr];
  if (a.length < 2) return a;
  const pivotIndex = Math.floor(arr.length / 2);
  const pivot = a[pivotIndex];
  const [lo, hi] = a.reduce(
    (acc, val, i) => {
      if (val < pivot || (val === pivot && i != pivotIndex)) {
        acc[0].push(val);
      } else if (val > pivot) {
        acc[1].push(val);
      }
      return acc;
    },
    [[], []]
  );
  return [...quickSort(lo), pivot, ...quickSort(hi)];
};
Examples
quickSort([1, 6, 1, 5, 3, 2, 1, 4]); // [1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

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