React useHover hook

React, Hooks, State, Callback · Oct 5, 2021

Handles the event of hovering over the wrapped component.

  • Use the useState() hook to create a variable that holds the hovering state.
  • Use the useCallback() hook to memoize two handler functions that update the state.
  • Use the useCallback() hook to create a callback ref and create or update the listeners for the 'mouseover' and 'mouseout' events.
  • Use the useRef() hook to keep track of the last node passed to callbackRef to be able to remove its listeners.
const useHover = () => {
  const [isHovering, setIsHovering] = React.useState(false);

  const handleMouseOver = React.useCallback(() => setIsHovering(true), []);
  const handleMouseOut = React.useCallback(() => setIsHovering(false), []);

  const nodeRef = React.useRef();

  const callbackRef = React.useCallback(
    node => {
      if (nodeRef.current) {
        nodeRef.current.removeEventListener('mouseover', handleMouseOver);
        nodeRef.current.removeEventListener('mouseout', handleMouseOut);

      nodeRef.current = node;

      if (nodeRef.current) {
        nodeRef.current.addEventListener('mouseover', handleMouseOver);
        nodeRef.current.addEventListener('mouseout', handleMouseOut);
    [handleMouseOver, handleMouseOut]

  return [callbackRef, isHovering];
const MyApp = () => {
  const [hoverRef, isHovering] = useHover();

  return <div ref={hoverRef}>{isHovering ? 'Hovering' : 'Not hovering'}</div>;

ReactDOM.render(<MyApp />, document.getElementById('root'));

Written by Angelos Chalaris

I'm Angelos Chalaris, a JavaScript software engineer, based in Athens, Greece. The best snippets from my coding adventures are published here to help others learn to code.

If you want to keep in touch, follow me on GitHub or Twitter.

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