React useIntersectionObserver hook

React, Hooks, State, Effect · Sep 10, 2021

Observes visibility changes for a given element.

  • Use the useState() hook to store the intersection value of the given element.
  • Create an IntersectionObserver with the given options and an appropriate callback to update the isIntersecting state variable.
  • Use the useEffect() hook to call IntersectionObserver.observe() when mounting the component and clean up using IntersectionObserver.unobserve() when unmounting.
const useIntersectionObserver = (ref, options) => {
  const [isIntersecting, setIsIntersecting] = React.useState(false);

  React.useEffect(() => {
    const observer = new IntersectionObserver(([entry]) => {
    }, options);

    if (ref.current) {

    return () => {
  }, []);

  return isIntersecting;
const MyApp = () => {
  const ref = React.useRef();
  const onScreen = useIntersectionObserver(ref, { threshold: 0.5 });

  return (
      <div style={{ height: '100vh' }}>Scroll down</div>
      <div style={{ height: '100vh' }} ref={ref}>
        <p>{onScreen ? 'Element is on screen.' : 'Scroll more!'}</p>

ReactDOM.render(<MyApp />, document.getElementById('root'));

Written by Angelos Chalaris

I'm Angelos Chalaris, a JavaScript software engineer, based in Athens, Greece. The best snippets from my coding adventures are published here to help others learn to code.

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