30 seconds of code

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Mutates the original array to filter out the values specified, based on a given iterator function.

Check if the last argument provided in a function. Use Array.prototype.map() to apply the iterator function fn to all array elements. Use Array.prototype.filter() and Array.prototype.includes() to pull out the values that are not needed. Use Array.prototype.length = 0 to mutate the passed in an array by resetting it's length to zero and Array.prototype.push() to re-populate it with only the pulled values.

const pullBy = (arr, ...args) => {
  const length = args.length;
  let fn = length > 1 ? args[length - 1] : undefined;
  fn = typeof fn == 'function' ? (args.pop(), fn) : undefined;
  let argState = (Array.isArray(args[0]) ? args[0] : args).map(val => fn(val));
  let pulled = arr.filter((v, i) => !argState.includes(fn(v)));
  arr.length = 0;
  pulled.forEach(v => arr.push(v));