React useSet hook

React, Hooks, State · Nov 1, 2021

Creates a stateful Set object, and a set of functions to manipulate it.

  • Use the useState() hook and the Set constructor to create a new Set from the initialValue.
  • Use the useMemo() hook to create a set of non-mutating actions that manipulate the set state variable, using the state setter to create a new Set every time.
  • Return the set state variable and the created actions.
const useSet = initialValue => {
  const [set, setSet] = React.useState(new Set(initialValue));

  const actions = React.useMemo(
    () => ({
      add: item => setSet(prevSet => new Set([...prevSet, item])),
      remove: item =>
        setSet(prevSet => new Set([...prevSet].filter(i => i !== item))),
      clear: () => setSet(new Set()),

  return [set, actions];
const MyApp = () => {
  const [set, { add, remove, clear }] = useSet(new Set(['apples']));

  return (
      <button onClick={() => add(String(}>Add</button>
      <button onClick={() => clear()}>Reset</button>
      <button onClick={() => remove('apples')} disabled={!set.has('apples')}>
        Remove apples
      <pre>{JSON.stringify([...set], null, 2)}</pre>

ReactDOM.render(<MyApp />, document.getElementById('root'));

Written by Angelos Chalaris

I'm Angelos Chalaris, a JavaScript software engineer, based in Athens, Greece. The best snippets from my coding adventures are published here to help others learn to code.

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